The Turkish Alphabet

I hope that all are good. Today I want to add the turkish alphabet. I have still many things to do . However I want to add little by little.

I add a turkish alphabet “excel folder” which I prepared for you. You can download it.

The differences with our language are few, for example the sound of the letter c is similar to how they pronounce and in Argentina (eg me); the ç is similar to the sound ch; the ı (i without the top point) sounds like ou; a bit like the French sound. The ğ is silent, like the Castilian h, serves to lengthen a little the preceding vowel; the Turkish h is similar to a soft j; and the ş is a whistling sound like the English SHINE. The rest is basically the same, the z is not as strong as ours, a bit senesced, but the rest is the same.

In Turkish there are 8 vowels divided into two series:
Previous members: e, i, ö, ü;
or the sound is formed in the front part of the palate, while the tongue stays next to the teeth.

Subsequent vowels: a, ı, o, u;
o The sound of each of these vowels is formed in the back part of the palate, while the tongue moves backwards
The vowels a, e, i and u have also their elongated form, but generally it is not generally distinguished in the spelling, although sometimes the circumflex accent “^” is used to differentiate two words written in the same way (askeri, to the soldier; askerî, militari). Its origin is foreign, mainly Arabic or Persian.


The 21 consonants of the Turkish alphabet are divided into two groups, according to the vibrations of the vocal cords:

  • Soft consonants: b, c, d, g, ğ, j, l, m, n, r, v, y, z;
    or with vibrations, they have a sweet and continuous sound
  • Deaf consonants: ç, f, h, k, p, s, ş, t;
    or without vibrations, they do not occur in the vocal cords
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Mertcan Uzuner

Turkish. Mechanical engineer. Spanish&English&Turkish Speaker

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